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Basic Beliefs   
Unitarian Universalists (UUs) are diverse in faith, ethnicity, history and spirituality, but aligned in the desire to make a difference for the good.  We have a track record of standing on the side of love, justice and peace. 

Unitarian Universalists do not subscribe to a common creed and have no single holy book. Our inspiration derives from the humanistic teachings of the world’s religions, scripture and science, nature and philosophy, personal experience and ancient traditions. No place, no book, no teacher is considered to offer final answers to religious questions. We agree that each of us is responsible for making and articulating what is sacred and the meanings life holds for us.  

While our beliefs are diverse and inclusive, the heart of the various covenants (i.e., agreements) that have bound Unitarian and Universalist congregations together for over 400 years rests on the words: freedom, reason, tolerance, and unconditional love, and are reflected in our 7 Principles:  


  1. The inherent worth and dignity of every person; 

  2. Justice, equity, and compassion in human relations;  

  3. Acceptance of one another and encouragement to spiritual growth in our congregations;  

  4. A free and responsible search for truth and meaning;  

  5. The right of conscience and the use of the democratic process within our congregations and in society at large;  

  6. The goal of world community with peace, liberty, and justice for all; and  

  7. Respect for the interdependent web of all existence of which we are a part. 


The primary symbol of the Unitarian Universalist faith tradition is a flaming chalice. This symbol was adopted by the Unitarian Service Committee during its World War II relief efforts in Europe to signify helpfulness and sacrifice in service to others. It is common to light a chalice at the beginning of worship or other gatherings as a reminder of our shared principles and covenants. 

Historical Background 
The Unitarian Universalist faith originated from two separate progressive Protestant Christian cultures, the Unitarians and the Universalists.  

Unitarianism had its origins in 16th century Eastern Europe. Unitarians were originally liberal Christians who proclaimed the Oneness of God, disavowing the Trinity, and thus the idea of the atonement by blood. Jesus was seen as a human prophet. Confident in the powers of human reason Unitarians placed high value on education and social progress.  


Universalism arose as a progressive, grassroots movement in 18th century New England. Universalists historically stressed the benevolence of God, and derived their name from the doctrine of universal salvation, which held that a loving God would not condemn anyone to eternal punishment in hell.  From its beginnings, Universalism challenged its members to reach out and embrace people whom society often marginalized.  


Both traditions placed high values on democratic process, non-hierarchical principles, personal freedom, and stressed the inherent worth and dignity of all people. Unitarian Universalism was born in 1961, with the consolidation of the Unitarian and the Universalist Associations of Free Congregations. 


Customs and People 
Unitarian Universalists have a legacy of “deeds not creeds.” They identify with liberal and progressive social values and putting their faith into action. Actions of note include: 


All ministries include service, education, advocacy, and public witness (the spiritual practice of taking a public position in support of justice).  


Unitarian Universalist congregations honor life transitions in various ways. Many have child dedication ceremonies for infants and children; hold a Coming of Age ceremony for youth (usually ages 13-15) after completing a period of learning and exploration; and/or conduct a bridging ceremony to mark high school-aged youth as they transition into adulthood.  

Because of their flexibility and willingness to be inclusive, UU ministers often host interfaith marriage ceremonies since both traditions will be honored freely. 


Each UU congregation is democratic—congregational leaders set their own priorities and choose their own ministers and staff.   

Ministers lead most UU congregations, but they are always governed by elected lay people via an elected Board of Trustees or Standing Committee led by a president, moderator or chair. Some congregations are entirely lay-led as well as lay-governed, and these are often referred to as Fellowships.  


The Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA) is the central organization for the Unitarian Universalist (UU) religious movement in the United States. The UUA supports congregations in their work by training ministers, publishing books and the UU World magazine, providing youth and adult religious education curricula, offering shared services and coordinating social justice activities. While the UUA provides valuable support and coordination, it does not have authority over congregations, since the relationship is one of a non-hierarchical freely entered association.   


Major Holidays 
Unitarian Universalists celebrate holidays from multiple traditions. The holiday celebrations in Unitarian Universalist congregations vary among congregations. Religious and secular holidays that may be celebrated include Christmas, Easter, Passover, Ramadan, Holi, Winter Solstice, Earth Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Thanksgiving, and Buddha or Gandhi’s birthday. Holiday services use the stories and traditions creatively, calling us to our deeper humanity. 

Worship styles vary by congregation, and even within congregations. Some elements of a typical Unitarian Universalist Sunday morning worship service include:  

  • Lighting a flaming chalice 

  • A multigenerational segment, such as a “story for all ages”  

  • Music in a variety of styles 

  • Silent meditation 

  • Readings 

  • A sermon given by a professional minister, a guest speaker, or member of the congregation  

  • An offering for financial donations 

  • A time for lifting up the joys and concerns of the congregation  


Most congregations offer childcare and religious education programs for children and youth during the Sunday service. 


For More Information 
Visit the Unitarian Universalist Association Website:;

Watch  "Voices of a Liberal Faith";  video;

Unitarian Universalist Association Facebook Page

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